Sixty years after Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Sir Edmund Hillary first reached the peak of the highest mountain on Earth. I will be offering some facts about the top of the world.

Mount Everest- Nepal

Universal Fact

Mount Everest is in Nepal.

Fact No 1:

The officially recognised height of Mount Everest is 29,029ft (8,848m) based on a 1954 ground-based measurement. A disputed satellite based measurement in 1999 suggested it was six feet taller.

Fact No 2:

At Everest’s highest point, you are breathing in a third of the amount of oxygen you would normally breathe due to the atmospheric pressure.

Fact No 3:

There are to two major routes to the summit: the south-east ridge from Nepal and the north ridge from Tibet.

Fact No 4:

At least one person has died on Everest every year since 1969, except in 1977.

Fact No 5:

Winds on the mountain have been recorded at more than 200mph.

Fact No 6:

Sir Edmund Hillray’s son, Peter, has climbed Everest five times. His first summit was in 1990.

Fact No 7:

Tenzing Norgay unsuccessfully tried to get to the top of Everest six times before reaching it with Hillary.

Fact No 8:

Comparatively, the safest year on Everest was 1993, when 129 reached the summit and eight died ( a ratio of 16:1).

Fact No 9:

One in 10 successful climbs to the summit ends in death.

Fact No 10:

The deadliest year for climbers of Everest was 1996, when 15 died.

Updated Facts

Fact No 11:

The fastest descent was made in 11 minutes: Frenchman Jean-Marc Boivin paraglided down in 1988.

Fact No 12:

There are estimated to be 120 dead bodies on the mountain.

Fact No 13:

The youngest person to reach the top is Jordan Romero, who made it, aged 13, in 2010.

Fact No 14:

The Nepalese call it Sagarmatha, meaning “Forehead (or Goddess) of the sky”. In Tibet it is known as Chomolungma. “Mother Goddess of the universe”.

Fact 15:

In 1865 the mountain was renamed in honour of the Surveyor General of India George Everest, from its original name of perk 15.

Fact 16:

The first woman to climb Everest was Junko Tabei, from Japan, in 1975.

Fact 17:

A Nepalese government permit to climb Everest can cost up to £17,000(estimated).

Fact 18:

The most dangerous area on the mountain is Khumbu ice fall, which is thought to have claimed 19 lives.

Fact 19:

There are 18 names climbing routes on Everest.

Fact 20:

Climbers burn 20,000 calories on the day of the summit climb, and an average of 10,000 a day on the rest of the climb.

More updates coming soon.

 

Mount Everest from Space
Mount Everest from Space