Sixty years after Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Sir Edmund Hillary first reached the peak of the highest mountain on Earth. I will be offering some facts about the top of the world.
- Mount Everest- Nepal
Mount Everest is in Nepal.
Fact No 1:
The officially recognised height of Mount Everest is 29,029ft (8,848m) based on a 1954 ground-based measurement. A disputed satellite based measurement in 1999 suggested it was six feet taller.
Fact No 2:
At Everest’s highest point, you are breathing in a third of the amount of oxygen you would normally breathe due to the atmospheric pressure.
Fact No 3:
There are to two major routes to the summit: the south-east ridge from Nepal and the north ridge from Tibet.
Fact No 4:
At least one person has died on Everest every year since 1969, except in 1977.
Fact No 5:
Winds on the mountain have been recorded at more than 200mph.
Fact No 6:
Sir Edmund Hillray’s son, Peter, has climbed Everest five times. His first summit was in 1990.
Fact No 7:
Tenzing Norgay unsuccessfully tried to get to the top of Everest six times before reaching it with Hillary.
Fact No 8:
Comparatively, the safest year on Everest was 1993, when 129 reached the summit and eight died ( a ratio of 16:1).
Fact No 9:
One in 10 successful climbs to the summit ends in death.
Fact No 10:
The deadliest year for climbers of Everest was 1996, when 15 died.
Fact No 11:
The fastest descent was made in 11 minutes: Frenchman Jean-Marc Boivin paraglided down in 1988.
Fact No 12:
There are estimated to be 120 dead bodies on the mountain.
Fact No 13:
The youngest person to reach the top is Jordan Romero, who made it, aged 13, in 2010.
Fact No 14:
The Nepalese call it Sagarmatha, meaning “Forehead (or Goddess) of the sky”. In Tibet it is known as Chomolungma. “Mother Goddess of the universe”.
In 1865 the mountain was renamed in honour of the Surveyor General of India George Everest, from its original name of perk 15.
The first woman to climb Everest was Junko Tabei, from Japan, in 1975.
A Nepalese government permit to climb Everest can cost up to £17,000(estimated).
The most dangerous area on the mountain is Khumbu ice fall, which is thought to have claimed 19 lives.
There are 18 names climbing routes on Everest.
Climbers burn 20,000 calories on the day of the summit climb, and an average of 10,000 a day on the rest of the climb.
More updates coming soon.